• Articles,  The Hill

    Pearl Harbor and the fallacy of inevitable war: The Thucydides trap

    More than 2,500 years ago, Greek historian Thucydides summed up the origin of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) in a single sentence: β€œIt was the rise of Athens and the fear that this inspired in Sparta that made war inevitable.” I contemplated that last word β€” inevitable β€” during a recent visit to the Arizona battleship memorial at Pearl Harbor.